Previously Treated CLL (REACH)
Proven to drive better outcomes in previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as shown in a large Phase III trial1
REACH TRIAL DESIGN: RITUXAN+FC ×6 cycles vs FC ×6
- In the REACH trial, patients who had previously received RITUXAN or both fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, either sequentially or in combination, were excluded from the trial, as were fludarabine-refractory patients; alkylator-refractory patients were permitted and accounted for 26% of the trial population2,3
- FC=fludarabine, dosed at 25 mg/m2/day, and cyclophosphamide, at 250 mg/m2/day, on Days 1 through 3 in both treatment arms; R=RITUXAN, given at a dose of 375 mg/m2 on the day prior to the initiation of the first cycle of FC chemotherapy. In subsequent cycles, RITUXAN was given at a dose of 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 of each cycle. Randomization was stratified by country, type of prior therapy, time from diagnosis to randomization, and β2-microglobulin level.3
- NCI-WG=National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group; ECOG=Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group; PFS=progression-free survival.
REACH Trial of Previously Treated CLL: Baseline Patient Characteristics3†
|Baseline patient characteristics||R-FC (n=276)||FC (n=276)|
|Age range (years)||35-83||35-81|
|Binet stage||A B C||
|ECOG performance status||0 1||
- †These patient characteristics are an abbreviated listing of those found in the REACH publication.
The REACH trial was not designed or powered to detect a significant difference in PFS by age category. However, exploratory analysis defined by age suggests no observed benefit with the addition of RITUXAN to FC chemotherapy in previously treated CLL patients 65 years of age or older.1
REACH trial—RITUXAN+FC provided significant increases in PFS and DoR in previously treated CLL1,2
RITUXAN+FC SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED MEDIAN PFS (N=552)1,2
- DoR=duration of response; CI=confidence interval.
- RITUXAN+FC provided a median PFS of 2.2 years in previously treated CLL (p=0.02)1
- Patients who responded to RITUXAN+FC (n=167) maintained their responses for nearly 2 years longer than those treated with FC alone (n=134; 48 months vs 27 months, p=0.0294)2
Safety for RITUXAN in combination with FC for previously treated CLL
Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions
- Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions occurred in 80% of R-FC–treated patients vs 74% of FC–treated patients
- Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions that occurred more frequently (≥2%) in patients treated with R-FC vs FC were neutropenia (49% vs 44%), febrile neutropenia (15% vs 12%), thrombocytopenia (11% vs 9%), hypotension (2% vs 0%), and hepatitis B (2% vs <1%)
- The frequency of prolonged neutropenia was 24.8% for patients who received R-FC (n=274) and 19.1% for patients who received FC (n=274). In patients who did not have prolonged neutropenia, the frequency of late-onset neutropenia was 38.7% in 160 patients who received R-FC and 13.6% of 147 patients who received FC
- Grade 3 or 4 infusion-related adverse reactions occurred in 7% of patients treated with R-FC
- Grade 3 or 4 infections observed during the trial were similar between treatment arms (18% R-FC vs 19% FC)
Most common adverse reactions
- The most frequent (≥25%) adverse reactions were neutropenia, nausea, and pyrexia. Fifty-nine percent of R-FC–treated patients experienced an infusion reaction
Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions in previously treated patients ≥70 years of age
- Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions that occurred more frequently in R-FC–treated patients ≥70 years of age compared with R-FC–treated patients <70 years of age were neutropenia (56% vs 39%), infections (30% vs 14%), anemia (21% vs 10%), thrombocytopenia (19% vs 8%), and pancytopenia (7% vs 2%)
- RITUXAN® (Rituximab) full prescribing information, Genentech, Inc., 2012.
- Data on file, Genentech, Inc.
- Robak T, Dmoszynska A, Solal-Céligny P, et al. Rituximab plus fludarabine and cyclophosphamide prolongs progression-free survival compared with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide alone in previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28:1756-1765.
- Keating MJ, O’Brien S, Albitar M, et al. Early results of a chemoimmunotherapy regimen of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab as initial therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:4079-4088.
- Wierda W, O’Brien S, Wen S, et al. Chemoimmunotherapy with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab for relapsed and refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2005;23:4070-4078.
- O’Brien SM, Kantarjian H, Thomas D, et al. Rituximab dose-escalation trial in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2001;19:2165-2170.
- Byrd JC, Murphy T, Howard RS, et al. Rituximab using a thrice weekly dosing schedule in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma demonstrates clinical activity and acceptable toxicity. J Clin Oncol. 2001;19:2153-2164.
RITUXAN® (Rituximab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with:
- Relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL as a single agent
- Previously untreated follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL in combination with first-line chemotherapy and, in patients achieving a complete or partial response to RITUXAN in combination with chemotherapy, as single-agent maintenance therapy
- Non-progressing (including stable disease), low-grade, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL, as a single agent, after first-line CVP chemotherapy
- Previously untreated diffuse large B-cell, CD20-positive NHL in combination with CHOP or other anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens
- Previously untreated and previously treated CD20-positive CLL in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC)
RITUXAN is not recommended for use in patients with severe, active infections.
Important Safety Information
WARNING: FATAL INFUSION REACTIONS, TUMOR LYSIS SYNDROME (TLS), SEVERE MUCOCUTANEOUS REACTIONS, and PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY (PML)
Infusion Reactions: RITUXAN administration can result in serious, including fatal, infusion reactions. Deaths within 24 hours of RITUXAN infusion have occurred. Approximately 80% of fatal infusion reactions occurred in association with the first infusion. Carefully monitor patients during infusions. Discontinue RITUXAN infusion and provide medical treatment for Grade 3 or 4 infusion reactions.
Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS): Acute renal failure requiring dialysis with instances of fatal outcome can occur in the setting of TLS following treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with RITUXAN monotherapy.
Severe Mucocutaneous Reactions: Severe, including fatal, mucocutaneous reactions can occur in patients receiving RITUXAN.
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML): JC virus infection resulting in PML and death can occur in patients receiving RITUXAN.
Warnings and Precautions
RITUXAN has also been associated with other serious and/or fatal adverse reactions. These include
- hepatitis B reactivation with fulminant hepatitis; hepatic failure resulting in death
- serious, including fatal, bacterial, fungal, and new or reactivated viral infections
- cardiovascular events, including serious or life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias
- severe, including fatal, renal toxicity
- abdominal pain, bowel obstruction and perforation, in some cases leading to death, can occur in patients receiving RITUXAN in combination with chemotherapy
Additional Important Safety Information
- The most frequent Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions observed in NHL were cytopenias, including lymphopenia. The most common adverse reactions of RITUXAN (incidence ≥25%) observed in clinical trials of patients with NHL were infusion reactions, fever, lymphopenia, chills, infection, and asthenia. The incidence of infusion reactions was highest during the first infusion (77%) and decreased with each subsequent infusion. These infusion reactions typically resolved with slowing or interruption of the infusion and with supportive care
- The most common adverse reactions of RITUXAN (incidence ≥25%) observed in clinical trials of patients with CLL were infusion reactions and neutropenia. Infusion-related adverse reactions occurring during or within 24 hours of the start of infusion included nausea, pyrexia, chills, hypotension, vomiting, and dyspnea
- Most CLL patients treated with R-FC experienced at least one Grade 3 or 4 adverse reaction. The Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions observed more frequently with R-FC compared with FC alone were neutropenia, leukopenia, febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, infusion reactions, pancytopenia, hypotension, and hepatitis B
- In clinical trials, CLL patients 70 years of age or older who received R-FC had more Grade 3 and 4 adverse reactions compared with younger CLL patients who received the same treatment
Attention Healthcare Provider: Provide Medication Guide to patient prior to RITUXAN infusion.